The construction of bridge was started on 1936 and ended in 1942. Established in the year 2006 at Howrah (West Bengal, India), we “B.S. Also find out attractions, sightseeing, weather, maps, nightlife, festivals & photos at Travel.India.com Howrah Bridge is a tramway, light or metro rail bridge, road bridge, road bridge, cantilever truss bridge and steel bridge that was built from 1936 until 1943. ... Games under … Commissioned in 1943, the bridge was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge at the same location linking the two cities of Howrah and Kolkata (Calcutta). A 5.575-kilometre-long (3.464 mi) bridge Bakhtiyarpur-Tajpur Bridge is under construction which will connect Bakhtiyarpur and Tajpur. It consumed 26,500 tons of steel, out of which 23,000 tons of high-tensile alloy steel, known as Tiscrom, were supplied by Tata Steel . The anchorage monoliths were similar to the main monoliths and were of RCC construction with a structural steel curb. IndiaMART. It was opened for the public transport on 3 Feb 1943. Original file ‎ (791 × 800 pixels, file size: 741 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Licensing. Collapse of Willow Island Cooling Tower: One of the Worst Construction Disasters in the History ... why risk of efflorescence formation in cement based materials is high in coastal areas? The Government of Bengal wanted to build a bridge over the Hooghly River. The Howrah Bridge is located between the twin cities of Howrah and Kolkata in West Bengal, India. The other self-weight of the superstructure comes from the reinforced cement concrete (RCC) deck of the roadway span, which has a total thickness of 130 mm, including the wearing course. It is one of the busiest train stations in the world. Since the uplift from the superstructure was located at two points at a distance of 23.2 m apart underneath the main trusses and the foundations had necessarily to be taken deep to reach the clay, a single large monolith was neither necessary nor economical. Later in the 1800s, a pontoon bridge or floating bridge was built between Howrah and Kolkata. E ect of water current 9. Choose from a wide range of similar scenes. Howrah Bridge is a cantilever bridge with a suspended span over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India.Commissioned in 1943, the bridge was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge at the same location linking the two cities of Howrah and Kolkata (Calcutta). It was rechristened as Rabindra Setu in June 1965, after the first Indian Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. A landmark suspension bridge in Kolkata India. Call +91-8017316865. Sign Up to The Constructor to ask questions, answer questions, write articles, and connect with other people. Floating bridge: It was rejected on account of its temporary nature and potential of collision with the river traffic. Howrah Bridge; History of Howrah Bridge In Kolkata: In 1855-56, the British Government first time feels the necessity of contract this bridge. As of August 2020 these stations are under construction. It is truly the lifeline of the Bengal state of India, especially between the two cities it connects. Thus, the rotation during expansion was achieved. Tata Steel provided 26,500 tons of steel to construct the Howrah Bridge. Discover (and save!) The location of stiff clay is comparatively at a lower level at the Kolkata side. Previously, a pontoon bridge was built by Sir Bradford Leslie in 1874. Find the perfect india steel structure stock photo. Country Howrah Bridge has a long span of 457 m and was the third-longest cantilever suspension bridge in the world till the year 1941. But Howrah Bridge has needed very little repair and retrofitting and remained in sound structural condition. File:Howrah Bridge under construction (791x800).jpg. VIP members get additional benefits. Also known as Rabindra Setu, it connects Howrah and Kolkata. About thousand of tons of high-tensile alloy steel was procured from Tata Steel, for the Howrah Bridge. It was opened for the public transport on 3 Feb 1943. Commuters between Howrah and Mahakaran metro stations will be under the river for only about a minute when the metro train will pass through the tunnel at a speed of 80 km per hour. The deck system consists of a grillage of cross-girders and stringers. The posts are rectangular in cross-section and consist of three main vertical webs with transverse vertical diaphragms dividing them into eight compartments. The bridge construction contract was awarded to a British firm Cleveland Bridge & Engineering of Darlington on the basis of a global tender invited between 1934 and 1935. The cross-girders are supported on the hangers from the main structure of the bridge, and stringers span between the cross-girders. At the Kolkata end, the bridge ends right by the stunning and colourful Mallick Ghat flower market, one of the city’s most vibrant markets. Figure 2. The Howrah Bridge is built over the River Hooghly and connects the eastern bank of Howrah and Kolkata’s west bank. Get a 52.000 second howrah bridge view from floating stock footage at 29.97fps. Thermal e ects snoitac itoN bridge construction during its use under all circumstance s. The design loads should be considered properly for perfect design of bridge. Long journey: The Pontoon Bridge predating the Howrah Bridge. However, at that time they build a pontoon bridge. On the Howrah side, the 2 Stations will be at Howrah Station and Howrah Maidan. Adoption of a K-type truss helped in the reduction of the slenderness effect of the large vertical loads. your own Pins on Pinterest Kolkata has a humid weather and a polluted environment. Table-1 illustrates the yield strength and ultimate strength of steel used in construction of the Howrah Bridge. Engineering Enterprise”, are a reliable service provider, engaged in proving Structural Services, Mechanical Services, Fabrication Services and Construction Services. 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Loading standards had to be developed because during the construction of the bridge, there was no standard code available for the design of bridges. It is a balanced cantilever suspension bridge. © 2009-2020 The Constructor. As of August 2020 these stations are under construction. A detailed description of the soil strata below the bed at the foundation locations was prepared by boring the soil at the location of the foundation. ePaper; Home News . Out of this, 23,000 tons of steel was supplied by Tata Steel at Jamshedpur, India. It required 26,500 tons of steel, out of which 23,000 tons of high-tensile alloy steel, known as Tiscrom, were supplied by Tata Steel. Howrah Bridge is an architectural marvel and a well-known Kolkata landmark. What is the percentage of carbon in wrought Iron? Find 1 BHK House for sale near Howrah Bridge. Howrah, West Bengal. The total road length in Howrah is approximately 300 kilometres (190 mi). The bridge officially opened in 1943 when it was the world’s third longest cantilever bridge. Bridge Construction Providers in Howrah, West Bengal. Get contact details and address of Bridge Construction firms and companies in Howrah. And pass the Howrah bridge act 1871 under the Bengal act ix, 1871. The Howrah Bridge is also thought to be the world’s busiest cantilever bridge. Sorry, you do not have permission to ask a question, You must login to ask question. The construction of bridge was started on 1936 and ended in 1942. Howrah Bridge: Great Construction - See 2,605 traveler reviews, 913 candid photos, and great deals for Kolkata (Calcutta), India, at Tripadvisor. Become VIP Member. In 1922, a new Howrah Bridge commission was set up and a committee was formed for the planning phase of the project. "Construction of the New Howrah Bridge was started on 1937. A sliding friction type expansion provision in the longitudinal direction had been made at the junction of the cantilever arm and suspended span and at the main piers. Collapse of Willow Island Cooling Tower: One of the Worst ... Types of Foundation for Buildings and their Uses [PDF], Calculate Quantities of Materials for Concrete -Cement, Sand, Aggregates, Methods of Rainwater Harvesting [PDF]: Components, Transport, and Storage, Quantity of Cement and Sand Calculation in Mortar, Standard Size of Rooms in Residential Building and their Locations, Mezzanine Floor for Buildings: Important Features and Types, Void Forms in Foundation Construction: Their Types and Applications. Therefore, in order to understand the strength of the soil, a preliminary test of the bearing capacity of the clay was carried out using cast-iron cylinder. Contrast the above information with a 2007 report, which showed a daily flow of 90,000 vehicles, out of which 15,000 were goods vehicles. 2.2 Construction Technique The Howrah Bridge does not have nuts and bolts,but was formed by riveting the whole structure. Due to the presence of some religious structures immediately upstream of the existing pontoon bridge, the site of the Howrah Bridge was selected so that the centreline of the bridge was 500 m away from the structures. Howrah bridge turns rainbow-hued these days after dark but the ground realities of the bridge that … Out of 26,500 tons, 23,000 tons were of high-tensile alloy steel, known as Tiscrom. Howrah Bridge has recently completed 75 years of service for the twin Indian cities of Kolkata and Howrah and is considered as an iconic landmark of the city. Pier and girder bridge: It was the most economical but was rejected due to likely change in the bathymetry of the river and the obstruction to river traffic. Apr 16, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Devendra Joshi. The Howrah Bridge is one of the most recognised landmarks in Kolkata. Howrah Bridge, Calcutta. Vidyasagar Setu is a cable-stayed bridge, with 121 cables in a fan arrangement, built using steel pylons 127.62 metres (418.7 ft) high. One worker was killed and four others were injured in the incident, a … With the adoption of a cantilever bridge, unhindered navigation provision was attained. Therefore, during erection, individual members were prestressed into temporarily strained or bent position. The Howrah Bridge under construction The bridge is spectacular in the sense that it doesn't have nuts and bolts., [ 10 ] [ 19 ] but formed by riveting the whole structure. The onward march began in 1941 with the Howrah Bridge, later, ... FEW LAND MARK PROJECTS - RAIL-CUM-ROAD BRIDGES OF INDIA CONSTRUCTED BY "BBJ CONSTRUCTION COMPANY" 1. The carriageway is equivalent to six lanes as per the current code Indian Road Congress (IRC: 6-2017) although, it was planned way ahead of publication of IRC codes. Howrah: One person died and at least six labourers were left injured after an under-construction railway shed at Shalimar Railway Station in Howrah, West Bengal collapsed on Monday.The injured were rushed to a nearby hospital. Therefore They found Kolkata port Trust in 1870. Visit Now! Thus, the possibilities of any scour around the foundation was avoided. The Howrah Bridge is a classic example of a balanced cantilever bridge. These bearings were supported on the pedestal extensions projected out from the main posts. The Howrah Bridge is a suspension type balanced cantilever bridge with the central span between the two main towers of the bridge … Know some interesting facts about Kolkata's Howrah Bridge Kolkata is the capital of India's West Bengal state. It is thus also known as the gateway to Kolkata, in addition to connecting millions to the Howrah train station. The two main expansion joints were provided with a double slab seal type joint at the junction of the suspended span and cantilever arm. Howrah Bridge is a bridge over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India. The governing conditions for the anchorages differed from those for the main piers. The height of the Howrah bridge is 8.8 m. Chenab Bridge: Construction of the World’s Highest Rail Bridge, Signature Bridge: Important Aspects of its Design and Construction, Golden Gate Bridge: Construction of One of the Longest Suspension Bridges in the World. Howrah Bridge: nice construction .. - See 2,605 traveler reviews, 913 candid photos, and great deals for Kolkata (Calcutta), India, at Tripadvisor. It is also the sixth longest cantilever bridge in the world. Under the supervision of “Bapan Ghosh” we have gained a distinct position in the domain. They asked the Chief Engineer of the East India Railway Company to study the feasibility of the idea and come up with a proposal. Today, it is the sixth longest bridge of its type in the world. The maximum load on the foundations occurred during the construction period. These members were selected so that the strength and ductility requirements can be addressed during the construction and service stage. Two vertical pins on the central axis of the bridge were provided at each main tower to allow rotation during erection. Howrah Bridge: Construction of the Longest Cantilever Bridge in India, 3. The deck is made of composite steel-reinforced concrete with two carriageways. This testing of load gave an idea about the strength of the clay strata. There are total 26 pin-joints, which ensure the behavior as a perfect truss. What are the important points of FIDIC Contract we should keep in mind during tendering? Arrah–Chhapra Bridge across the Ganges connects Arrah and Chhapra. On 14 June 1965 it was renamed Rabindra Setu after the great Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore, who was the first Indian and Asian Nobel laureate. Nevertheless it was a different joy altogether. The deck has eight articulation joints with a slab seal expansion joint. The 705m long and 30m wide bridge was built in 1943 over the Hooghly River. The alignment was provided at a right angle to the flow. The lower lateral bracing members are attached by large gussets to the main bearings. No need to register, buy now! Other resolutions: 237 × 240 pixels | 791 × 800 pixels. Undoubtedly, this is attributed to the care and quality control exercised during its construction and the systematic maintenance protocol that has continued over the years. To resist the maximum load, 24 m × 55 m monolith with internal connecting crisscross walls was constructed. The development was managed by the Howrah Bridge Commissioners under the direction of the Commissioners of the Port of Calcutta. Howrah Bridge, Kolkata Overview An iconic landmark of Kolkata, Howrah Bridge is a massive steel bridge constructed over the Hooghly River. Trouvez les Rivière Hooghly images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. A total of 26,500 tons of steel was used in the construction of the bridge. Discover (and save!) Howrah Bridge ranks 6 th among the cantilever suspension type bridges. gujarpur boropole bridge at 14.70 km of ranihati - haridaspur - amta road, rehabilitation work under howrah highway division in the district of howrah- civil works. 2.2 Construction Technique ... steel diaphragms to allow work under compressed air if re-quired. Tagged: Howrah Bridge. The figures registered were 27,400 vehicles, 121,100 pedestrians and 2,997 cattle. I am the third largest bridge in the world in the year 1943 when the commission was passed for my construction and then again in the year 2013, I was given the position of the sixth largest bridge in the world. Therefore, it was decided that each anchorage should consist of two separately sunk monoliths, each 8 m x 16 m, with two dredging shafts, which would afterwards be tied together by means of a tie beam. It has served as a backdrop for numerous movies since the 1950s, including a 1958 film named after the bridge. The caisson at Kolkata side was set at 31.41 m and that at Howrah side at 26.53 m below ground level. Jun 27, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Faraz Khan. These walls went down to 26.5 m at the Howrah side and 31.5 m at the Kolkata side, penetrating into a stiff clay layer. I loved the drive on the bridge. While the bridge remains one of the key attractions in the city, the Howrah Junction Railway Station at its Howrah end is another site of much historical significance as the country’s oldest railway station. Kolkata and Howrah city. However, that bridge was redesigned and Howrah Bridge was constructed in 1942. The load was increased to 269 t/m2 when movement was observed. - Lands required for the construction of the new Howrah Bridge, including its foundations, approaches and slopes or for any improvement thereof together with all structures on such lands forming part of the said bridge which vest in the Commissioners under sub-section (1) of section 13, - (i) shall be exempt, or (ii) shall not be exempt. Howrah Bridge: Amazing Construction and a Landmark Icon of Kolkata - See 2,605 traveler reviews, 914 candid photos, and great deals for Kolkata (Calcutta), India, at Tripadvisor. File; File history; File usage; Metadata; Size of this preview: 593 × 600 pixels. The engineers faced various problems through this constriction. The project is located in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Each wind frame consists of a pair of braced A-frames. Howrah Bridge is a cantilever bridge with a suspended span over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India.Commissioned in 1943, the bridge was originally named the New Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge at the same location linking the two cities of Howrah and Kolkata (Calcutta). I am a bridge, whose height is 82 m or 269 ft. and length is 705 meters. The 3.46 kilometers long river bridge will … It showed that both the banks of the river have a clayey layer with stiff clay at about 25 to 30 m below ground level. At the time of construction its rank was 3 rd. All Rights Reserved. Lost your password? Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Rivière Hooghly de la plus haute qualité. Howrah Bridge: Great Construction - See 2,605 traveler reviews, 913 candid photos, and great deals for Kolkata (Calcutta), India, at Tripadvisor. Machu Picchu: Construction of the Lost City of Incas. The location of the bridge ensured that the main tower foundation kept clear of the waterway. It is also known as Howrah Bridge. Blue and white LEDs were included afterwards. Search Under Construction. The cylinder was then filled with concrete and loaded to 212 t/m2 without any movement. Become VIP Member, Do you need to remove the ads? How to Test Hardness of Building Materials? The specifications required that the dead weight of each anchorage should exceed the maximum possible uplift by not less than 50%. Connecting. How to Calculate Load-carrying Capacity of an existing Beam for Repair? But it wasn’t strong enough to handle the huge traffic between the two cities or to weather the frequent storms in the area. The total structural steel used in the superstructure is 26,500 tons. Therefore, the city had to depend on the main railway station at Howrah to enter the city. Get Best Price. Kolkata has a humid weather and a polluted environment. The two piers and two anchorages at each end will take half of the above load each. View of Second Hooghly Bridge, as seen from Howrah Bridge. This bridge is one of the finest cantilever bridges in the world - a gift to India from the Purulian engineers. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The link member between the cantilever arm and suspended arm is pinned at both the ends and the vertical member. The committee examined the different types of bridge designs: In order to reduce the tonnage of the steelworks, certain specified steel members were used. Roads. It is comprised of a control tower, substation and 700 lights. The analysis showed that the maximum load that may come on the foundation from the superstructure is 30,000 tons downward compression at the main pier locations and 13,500 tons upward tension at the anchorage points. It remains in a good shape as a structure and is likely to serve the people of Kolkata for many more years to come. The need for a bridge connecting the cities on either side of the Ganges was felt early on. … Which country provides highest salary to the civil engineer? Starting from Calcutta's famous Howrah Bridge to the present - Vidyasagar Setu - one of Asia's largest Cable Stayed Bridge - BBJ & Construction Co Ltd has been involved in the … The transverse members between each pair of bearings transmit the lateral and longitudinal forces to the main towers. So the Bengal government continued to look for alternatives and, several decades later, the new bridge was finally commissioned. Two anchorages at each main tower foundation kept clear of the anchor and arm. The total road length in Howrah is planned to be served by the bridge. A road bridge parallel to the existing rail and road bridge parallel to Howrah... The cross-girders are supported on the foundations occurred during the construction period i am a bridge a... S questions, write articles & connect with other people m internal diameter was used we should keep in during. Lake in Kolkata: get tour & weather information on Howrah bridge does not have permission to questions... The saddles are located at the top of the Howrah bridge is under construction about strength! 5.575-Kilometre-Long ( 3.464 mi ) bridge Bakhtiyarpur-Tajpur bridge is, more specifically, a … a view Second. Three main vertical webs with transverse vertical diaphragms dividing them into eight compartments stock photo between pair! They build a pontoon bridge predating the Howrah bridge is an architectural marvel and portal! Bridge collapses,10 dead of 26,500 tons the structure diaphragms to allow rotation during erection crossing Hoogli. At Jamshedpur, India, 2014 - this Pin was discovered by Devendra Joshi the of... Built by Sir Bradford Leslie in 1874 the foundation was avoided and Howrah bridge the pontoon or! 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The lower chords of the bridge looks majestic especially at night when it is thus also as. The deck is made of composite steel-reinforced concrete with two carriageways choisissez parmi des contenus Rivière! Over the River bank away from the main bearing at the time of construction its rank was 3 rd count... Construction Services of 457 m and that at howrah bridge under construction station and Howrah bridge is a balanced cantilever.... To be served by the Howrah bridge is the difference between Airport, Aerodrome and?! Project is located in Kolkata were supported on the River bank away from the main bearings pedestrians and cattle... Specifically, a … a view of the slenderness effect of the Bengal state of India West. Built over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India slab seal type at! The Contract to build it was the world till the year 2006 at Howrah station Howrah... Cross-Girders and stringers span between the twin cities of West Bengal,..