This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Bohs, L. 2005. Leaves are alternate but often in unequal pairs, the smaller leaves sometimes resembling stipules. Stem: The stem is erect, branched and cylindrical. 2. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant.It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. Major clades in Solanum based on ndhF sequences. Root system: The members of this family have a tap root system. The leaves may be entire or variously divided. Economic Uses: - This family contains many species of great economic importance. Physalis L. is a genus of herbaceous plants of the family Solanaceae, which has important medicinal, edible, and ornamental values. 10. Affinities 5. Scrophulariaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Boraginaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Asteraceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. Here point out identifying characteristics of the family Solanaceae: (i) Plant: Usually shrub or herb (ii) Leaf: Simple and stipule-less. Get Help. The largest genus of the family is Solatium which includes about 1500 species. It includes 250 genera and 4000 species, which are world wide in distribution. The family consists of plants that are generally cultivated as crop plants for food. A tall herb with red globose pulpy fruits. Calyx and corolla are gamosepalous and gamopetalous. Aloe vera, Colchicum, etc. Its important characteristics are mentioned below. The Solanaceae family of vegetables include potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant, capsicum, and chilies. Share Your PDF File Solanaceae Family Plants Examples. Umbelliferae & Solanaceae family characteristics & plants list. 30–60. Petiolate; alternate or opposite; simple; exstipulate; The family is commonly called ‘Potato family’. 5. Plants are terrestrial and are adapted to grow in temperate and tropical places, growing wild in shady places. Es kann auf verschiedene Weise offenbart werden. Solitary axillary, umbellate cyme, or helicoid cyme in Solanum. 4.5. The ovary is positioned superior. Sepals 5, gamosepalous, tubular, angulate, 5-toothed, teeth triangular lanceolate, acuminate, green, persistent, twisted aestivation, inferior. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. 3–5. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. 2600 Arten, die ursprünglich hauptsächlich in Amerika verbreitet waren und heute weltweit verbreitet sind. characteristics of frui ts and seeds would be helpful for the identification of Solanaceae species. 2014; Seguí-Simarro 2016). 8. Of these 2,030 are accepted species names. Habitat: Members of this family are mostly mesophytes and some are xerophytes. (vii) Stamens: 5 stamens; epipetalous; anther free or united; basifixed. Petiolate; alternate or opposite; simple; exstipulate; (iii) Calyx: 5 sepals united and persistent. Br… Economic Uses: - This family contains many species of great economic importance. It contains some of the world’s most important food plants, such as the potato, tomato, all peppers, ground cherries (tomatillo), and eggplant. The leaves are simple, petiolate, and rarely sessile (without petiole). 1–1½. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Gynoecium bicarpellary with 3-5 locules e.g. They are typically monocotyledonous. Some plants are annuals or perennial herbs. Datura. ... the characteristics of this species, particularly those related to its potential uses in the food industry as jelly, juices, marmalades, and also its effects on human health have been discussed and described by many authors. Few plants are shrubs and small trees and rarely climbers. Tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants are rich sources of vitamins and minerals that are vital to human health. The plant Solanaceae family is one of the most important for global agriculture and nutrition. Bracts are sometimes present, but … (a) Atropinum Purum. All rights reserved. FAMILY 10: Solanaceae also known as Potato Family with Characters , Floral formula/ diagram & economic importance with Distribution pattern of Solanaceae family. Petals 5, gamosepalous, campanulate, 5 or 6 cuspidate acute angles, violet outside, twisted aestivation, inferior. 3. Solanaceae bilden zwei Arten von Früchten: Beere und Dose. 1. admin 0 Comments Apiaceae, family characteristics, Solanaceae, Umbelliferae, Umbelliferae example. Answer Now and help others. Tomato, pepper, eggplant, potato - these plants have long been known for their economic importance. It is also known as the ‘potato family’. (vi) Placentation: Axile, arranged obliquely with mother-axis. A roadside herb S. xanthocarpum a spinous xerophytic herb. They are annual herbs, shrubs and rarely trees. Cestrum nocturnum (H. Rat Ki Rani or Queen of the night): A garden plant with flowers emitting sweet smell at night. Es sind Bäume, Sträucher und krautige Pflanzen mit schraubig angeordneten Blättern, die Blüten stehen häufig in Wickeln. Petals 5, gamopetalous, pentafid, campanulate, valvate aestivation, corolla lobes inflexed, greenish yellow. Economic Importance 4. Reduction in the number of carpels to two. Root System: Taproot system. The Distinguishing Characteristics of the Nightshade Family. Beans, bush. 24–40. Ebracteate; pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous, small and white. 3–4. Solanaceae are known for possessing a diverse range of alkaloids. Solanaceae - The Potato Family 94 genera 2,950 species Distribution: A cosmopolitan family, but main areas of distribution occur in tropical and subtropical regions, especially in Central and South America. Stamens 5, polyandrous, epipetalous, alternipetalous inserted near the base of corolla tube, filaments equal in length; basifixed, dithecous, introrse. are used as vegetables. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, bilocular, axile placentation, placentae swollen, ovules many in each loculus, ovary obliquely placed; style simple, hairy; stigma bilobed. (a) Atropinum Purum. All of them belong to the family Pasanova. The stem is hairy or prickly. The fruit from the peppers can range from very small and red to fairly large and yellow, orange, or green. Cauline, simple opposite decussate, exstipulate, ovate, unicostate reticulate venation. Cauline, ramal, opposite, simple, exstipulate, petiolate ovate, entire, acute, covered with glandular branched hair, unicostate reticulate venation. These are herbs with alternate leaves and colorless juice. Androecium: Stamens are five in number, epipetalous on the corolla tube, and alternate with the lobes. Stem: Stem is erect and herbaceous with distinct nodes and internodes. Its important characteristics are mentioned below. They have perfect (bisexual) flowers, typically with five fused petals. Solanaceae - The Potato Family 94 genera 2,950 species Distribution: A cosmopolitan family, but main areas of distribution occur in tropical and subtropical regions, especially in Central and South America. Match List I(Characteristics of Family) with List II(Name of Family) and select the correct answer using the codes given the lists. Liliaceae is a family of angiosperms. Some species of Solanum are protogynous. The Solanaceae family produces a range of biologically active alkaloids that include nicotine and tropane alkaloids. Corolla: The corolla consists of 5 petals. Following are the characteristic features of the Solanaceae family: Vegetative Characters. Potato (Solanum tuberosum L) is a Solanaceae that produces potatoesThe Potato family (Nightshade family) – Solanaceae – comprises about 2500 species of plants spread all over the world but mainly in tropical America. 4. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, bilocular, ovules many, axile placentation, placentae swollen, ovary obliquely placed; hairy, style simple; stigma bifid. (viii) Flower: Pedicillate; ebracteate; actinomorphic or zygomorphic; Regular; complete; hermaphrodite; hypogynous; (ix) Fruit: Usually berry, rarely capsule. March 8, 2012 admin Materia Medica - Group Study 2. Differentials with non-Nightshade remedies and a discussion of some of the lesser known Solanaceae is also included throughout the course. approximately 2800 species (Dupin et al. Sept–Mar. See more of BotanyWorld on Facebook Botany, Plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Dicotyledons, Families, Solanaceae. Flowers actinomorphic, hermaphrodite and hypogynous. Physalis peruviana (H. Rasbhari) produces edible berries. Produces edible reddish berries that are enclosed in a bladdery and persistent calyx. Share Your PPT File. The aestivation is valvate. 30–40. Sept–Apr. Some economically important members are : Solanum tuberosum (potato), important vegetable They are mainly found in Central and South America. It is a large family well distributed in tropics and sub-tropics, though a few members are found in temperate zone. Aim The Solanaceae plant family are an important and well utilised plant family in homoeopathy (Vermeulen, 2004). 1. Solanaceae, or nightshades, are an economically important family of flowering plants with a worldwide distribution. In India it is represented by 70 species of 21 genera. Content Guidelines 2. When we examine the Materia Medica for remedies such as: Hyoscymus niger; Capsicum annum; Tabacum; Mandragora officinalis; Solanum nigrum ; We 1 st characteristic that we get is intense ‘Fear of Death’. March 8, 2012 admin Materia Medica - Group Study 2. Flowers are sometimes clustered as in Withania. Rows 4. Distribution of Solanaceae 3. (i) Atropa Belladonna. It is related to Convolvulaceae in the presence of persistent calyx, twisted corolla and false septum. Leaves are alternate and rarely opposite. Solanaceae, Nachtschattengewächse, Fam. Plants of the Nightshade Family Stop and study the next tomato, potato or pepper flower you come across and you will quickly learn the Nightshade family. Want help getting started? Bracteate or ebracteate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. They are annual herbs, shrubs and rarely trees. 35–60 . All plants in the Solanaceae family have alternate leaves and colorless sap. They are herbs, trees and shrubs. Will Taylor and Kim Elia focus on 10 different remedies from the Solanaceae, or Nightshade Family. Solanum tubersum: potato; Nicotiana tobacum: Tobacco; Lycopersicum esculentum: Tomato; Capsicum frutescens: Red pepper; Vegetative characteristics. This family is also known as Poaceae family. 1. 2.5. Bei der Bestäubung von Blüten von Tomaten, Paprika, Kartoffeln und Auberginen entstehen Beeren. The Solanaceae include a number of commonly collected or cultivated species. Following are the characteristic features of the Solanaceae family: Vegetative Characters. Mar–Apr Aug–Sept. As far as humans are concerned, these alkaloids can be desirable, toxic, or both, though they presumably evolved because they reduce the tendency of animals to eat the plants. This is a family of wide distribution. Fruit: The fruit is mostly berry sometimes enclosed within an inflated bladder-like calyx or it is a capsule which dehisces by valves (Datura) or circumcised above the middle. It is also known as the ‘lily family’. Stem: The stem is aerial, erect, and mostly herbaceous. Tomato, pepper, eggplant, potato - these plants have long been known for their economic importance. Solanaceae are mostly herbs, shrubs, or woody epiphytes, although there are some trees in the family. The Powerful Solanaceae The Solanaceae, also known as the potato or deadly nightshade family is one of humankind’s most utilized and important plant families. February 20, 2018 Sushil Humagain Biology, Botany 0. The family Solanaceae includes many economically and nutritionally important cultivated plant species such as tomato, potato, eggplants, and chili peppers. The Solanaceae, or nightshade family, includes a number of common species, many of which – such as tomatoes, aubergines and peppers – we eat. 1. Species of Solanaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 105 plant genera. Calyx: The calyx consists of 5 sepals that are fused. Ein Boll ist eine trockene, vielkornige Frucht. Roots: They have fibrous or adventitious root system. 45–60. North. 18. Bohs, L. 1995. Feb–Apr Aug–Sept. Family Solanaceae: Flower Formula, Characteristics, Diversity. The Solanaceae family includes 98 g enera and . Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? Aerial, erect, climbing (Solanum jasminoides), herbaceous, or woody, cylindrical, branched, solid or hollow, hairy, or glabrous, underground stem in Solanum tuberosum. ¼. I (Cabbage) Brassicaceae. The calyx in some plants (Solanum) is persistent and much enlarged in fruit. Cross-pollination through insects is common. There are about 85 genera and 2,800 species, found in tropical and warm temperate regions, especially in Central and South America(1). The term "tropane" comes from a genus in which they are found, Atropa (the belladonna genus). List-I: List-II : a. Inflorescence umbel, 2-carpellary inferior ovary, fruits of 2-mericarps. This family is distributed in tropical to temperate region world wide. Solanaceae family is also known as the potato family. Umbelliferae & Solanaceae family characteristics & plants list. 3. Extra axillary position is due to fusion. Stamens 2-4 fertile; flowers zygomorphic; e.g. Many members of the family contain strong alkaloids, and some are very toxic.Well-known members of this family are chili peppers, petunias, deadly nightshade, mandrakes, potatoes, tomatoes, aubergines (eggplants) and tobacco.. Because it is thought that nightshades can cause or increase swelling and pain, many people do not eat them. All stamens or 2-4 stamens fertile; embryo slightly or almost straight. Solanaceae group remedies in Homeopathy. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, bilocular, unilocular in Henoonia, axile placentation placentae swollen, many ovules in each loculus, ovary obliquely placed; in some cases nectariferous disc is present; style simple; stigma bifid or capitate. Solanaceae are known for possessing a diverse range of alkaloids. Umbelliferae / Apiaceae family characteristics. Vegetables like potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers, eggplant are included in the Solanaceae family. It contains some of the world’s most important food plants, such as the potato, tomato, all peppers, ground cherries (tomatillo), and eggplant.