Occurs throughout the British mainland, but not quite so common in the more open country preferred by the very similar field vole. Bank Voles breed from March to October and an average of four young are born after a gestation period of 18-20 days. Similar size to field vole (around 9-12cm) but tail proportionately longer than that of field vole, being 50% length of head & body, whilst field vole is 30% (this is the main distinctive feature between the two as they are very similar). BTO's Head and Principal Ecologist, Gavin Siriwardena, explains how the urban landscape is affecting our wild bird populations. ... Lundy and Ireland; they are replaced by larger Orkney and Guernsey voles on the respective islands. Bank Voles forage day and night and feed on buds, leaves, fruit and some insects. Although they are active during the day, they are much less likely to be seen than bank voles because they rarely leave the safety of cover. The 2020 BTO Conference is available to view online. Bank vole (Myodes glareolus) They eat berries, seeds, leaves and some insects, and though they are mostly found on the ground, they will climb for hedgerow fruits. It is very similar to the bank vole (Clethrionomys glareolus) but the latter has red-brown fur, a longer tail and more prominent ears than the field vole. The eyes and ears of a field vole are also less prominent than those of a bank vole. They have small eyes, small ears and a blunt snout. It has chestnut brown fur fading to grey on the belly. They also consume a variety of garden plants and eat the bark from trees. Field vole, bank vole and woodmouse burrows are much smaller at only 2 – 3cms across. However, according to The Mammal society, a recent population estimate put the number of Field voles in Britain at 75,000,000 individuals. It is richer in colour than the similar field vole and has a proportionally longer tail. Head and body length 9-12cm, tail length 1-5cm (tail about 30% of head and body length). Water vole burrows appear as a series of holes along the water’s edge, some just above or at the water level on steep banks, others can be below the water level There can also be burrows occurring further up the bank, up to 3m from the water’s edge. The Field Vole is one of the most common small rodents in the countrysides of Britain and Europe. Mice have proportionately much larger, more prominent eyes and ears than voles (vole ears are often subtle and covered by fur). Moreover, this agile creature is a fast runner and an accomplished climber. The Field vole is common and widespread throughout its range but the global population size of this species is unknown. Dark brown coat (on occasion can be black), visibly much darker than field vole.Tail 60% length of head & body, proportionately longer than field voles, which is 30%. A field vole’s tail is proportionally shorter (around a third of its head and body length), while a bank vole’s tail is about half the length of its head and body. They are found in moist grassy habitats, such as woodland, marsh, or river banks. Urban & gardens, deciduous woodland, grassland, mixed woodland, heathland, arable land. Generally they are larger than bank voles however the size is variable especially as young ones are abundant during the summer months. Weight: 20-40g. Bank vole (Myodes glareolus) Red/brown on top, unlike yellowish or grey/brown of field vole. Grey/brown fur above, creamy/grey fur below and a short tail. Design by Fingerprint Digital Media. Read our full Privacy Policy and Website Terms and Conditions of use. 1455136 Charity No. Life Cycle Breeding season lasts from March to October, with females producing an average of four offspring after a gestation period of four weeks. The bank vole is found in much of Europe and in northwestern Asia. Bank Voles generally forage during dawn and dusk. What are mice and voles? The bank vole (Myodes glareolus; formerly Clethrionomys glareolus) is a small vole with red-brown fur and some grey patches, with a tail about half as long as its body. They also have a much longer tail than the Field Vole. Orkney voles (Microtus arvalis orcadensis) are found only on the Orkney Islands in Scotland. vole bank. The prairie vole is found in rather dry situations in the southern half of the state. shorter than the bank vole, and fur is shaggier, covering the ears. 2002). The fur of the Field Vole also appears somewhat more unkempt, at times covering the ears and nose though after a good downpour or run in with a cat I am sure a Bank Vole could appear equally as bedraggled. These voles rarely live longer than 12 months. You can help water voles by surveying annually to find out where they are present or absent to detect any changes in their populations and distribution. Mice have more pointed muzzles, whilst voles have a more rounded muzzle. The field vole is also called the short-tailed vole. Europe is home to 18 vole species, while in Britain we have only three: the bank, field (Microtus arvalis) and water vole (Arvicola amphibius). They often climb among bushes while foraging for food. New report shows highs and lows of mammal conservation in Wales. Rounded snout and small eyes and ears (ears usually not visible, hidden under fur). Bank voles are good climbers and will often use the disused nest of a hedgerow bird as its … Bank Vole Read More » Voles have blunter, rounder faces, smaller ears and eyes, and shorter tails than mice. They boast a grey/brown coat as opposed to the warmer, more rustic red/brown of the Bank Vole. BTO doesn't currently contact supporters by text message for promotional reasons. Distribution & Habitat Field Voles as a rule appear much colder. They make tunnels and runs in thick grass and just underneath the soil surface. The bank vole, on the other hand, lives in holes dug into hedge banks, under sheds, amongst tree roots, in log piles and various other locations which are more readily found in gardens. The Field Vole (Microtus agrestis) is also known as the Short-tailed Vole. As an important food […] They are larger than Field Voles, measuring about 13 to 17 cm long. It has shaggier fur than the similar bank vole and a proportionally shorter tail (less than 30% of its body length). Field Voles as a rule appear much colder. BTO currently promotes two appeals a year, and occasionally offers membership opportunities to non-members. The field vole or short-tailed vole, Microtus agrestis, is a grey-brown vole, around 110mm in length, with only a short tail. On the canal bank. Not to be confused with: the field vole. In a study on similar field vole populations, survival rates were lowest in spring (Newson & Chitty 1962), as were those of bank voles and wood mice in the United Kingdom (Telfer et al. Life Span: The average life span of a field vole is up to 1 year. The coat is red-brown, the ears are prominent and the tail is long. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC), and its numbers remain stable. We will send you a monthly email newsletter including information on our latest research, projects to participate in, fundraising opportunities, events and interesting facts about birds. It is found throughout the British mainland, however, it is not resident in Ireland, the Isle of Man or Northern Isles. Males and females are similar in appearance but the young animals have greyer fur. a gallery curated by bijoubaby. A Field Vole normally has small partially obscured ears, whereas the Bank Vole has larger ears that are less hidden by fur. Mice have longer tails. Of the two, field voles are much the commoner in Britain but because they are found in expanses of long grass they are infrequently found in gardens. That is indeed a Bank Vole The fur of the Field Vole also appears somewhat more unkempt, at times covering the ears and nose though after a good downpour or run in with a cat I am sure a Bank Vole could appear equally as bedraggled. Red/brown on top, unlike yellowish or grey/brown of field vole. Field voles are not likely to be as common in gardens as bank voles but if you leave an area of your lawn un-mown during the summer then there is a … Bank Vole Myodes glareolus Bank Voles are easily confused with Field Voles. It is a small plump vole (head and body 90-120 mm) with a short tail about a third of the body length. The ears barely extend beyond the fur … The average life of the smaller vole species is three to six months. Bank Voles prefer deciduous woodland, but use many other habitats including gardens as long as there is thick ground cover. The easiest way to tell them apart is to look at the tail. They boast a grey/brown coat as opposed to the warmer, more rustic red/brown of the Bank Vole. Four species of mice and voles sometimes cause damage in gardens. In yards, voles dig burrows and create pathways of dead grass, called runways, in lawns. The field vole, also known as the short-tailed vole, is very common and widespread throughout mainland Britain and can be found in grassland, arable, wooded, heathland and moorland habitats. The Field Vole Microtus agrestis has been present in the British Isles since the last glaciations but is not present in Ireland or some of the western islands. Field Voles as a rule appear much colder. Larger species, such as the European water vole, live longer and usually die during their second, or rarely their third, winter.As many as 88% of voles are estimated to die within the first month of life. Registered Company No. Bank Vole – Clethrionomys glareolus Distribution A common small rodent of woodland, scrub and hedgerows. Subscribe to our mailing list and receive regular e-bulletin packed full of mammal news and ways you can get involved with mammal conservation. The bank vole is a small plump animal with a characteristic blunt vole face and small round ears. Water vole much bigger than field vole, with head and body length of 14-22cm compared to 9-12cm. They also have a much longer tail than the Field Vole. PROSIECT ADFER LYGOD DWY YNG NGHYMRU/ WATER VOLE RESEARCH PROJECT. BTO occasionally contacts supporters who have expressed an interest in volunteering for surveys, or have volunteered in the past, to promote participation in other surveys. The fur of the Field Vole also appears somewhat more unkempt, at times covering the ears and nose though after a good downpour or run in with a cat I am sure a Bank Vole could appear equally as bedraggled. Phil Atkinson explains the technology behind tracking. They nest in underground burrows. Field voles have a shorter tail (around 30% the length of its body, compared to 50% for the bank vole). The breeding period sometimes extends into the winter if there is enough food. Surveys. Bank Vole or Wood Vole, (Clethrionomys glareolus) This has rich reddish-brown fur on the back, a body length of about 100 -110mm and a weight of about 25g. Vole vs. There are exceptions of course: water voles have long tails and harvest mice are often said to have vole-like proportions, as they have a more rounded muzzle and subtle ears and eyes. They are one of the most common mammals in Europe, ranging from the Atlantic coast to Lake Baikal. The young become independent after four weeks. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Bank voles can be distinguished by their blunt nose, small eyes and ears, a richer, chestnut brown fur and a proportionally longer tail compared to the field vole. Apr 11, 2018 #12 Bigger ears, redder fur, longer tail. The field vole occurs typically in ungrazed grassland or in the early stages of forestry plantations but may also live in woodland, hedgerows, dunes, scree or moorland, wherever grass is available. BTO doesn't currently contact supporters by telephone for promotional reasons. Water voles live near streams, rivers, ditches, ponds, lakes, and other wet places. A rodent, it lives in woodland areas and is around 100 millimetres (3.9 in) in length. 278918Privacy Policy | Terms & Conditions The bank vole is rich, chestnut-brown above, and white below. The fur is usually less reddish than the bank vole and generally grey/brown. Mouse Problems. Voles have blunter, rounder faces, smaller ears and eyes, and shorter tails than mice. Bank Voles are easily confused with Field Voles. vole (Microtus arvalis orcadensis) which weighs about 90g. Indeed, this ‘spring decline’ has been documented for a number of rodent species. The Bank vole is a mouse-like animal with a thick body. The field vole can be found in a range of moist habitats, including woodland edges, river banks, wet grassland and parks. Breeding female water vole burrow with grazed lawn at water’s edge. The bank vole is a small rodent resembling a mouse when young but developing a stouter body, a slightly rounder head with smaller ears and eyes and a shorter, hairy tail. They boast a grey/brown coat as opposed to the warmer, more rustic red/brown of the Bank Vole. The field vole is grey-brown above, and play grey below. They breed between March and October, having 5-6 litters with 4-5 young in each. The tail is dark on top and paler below. Adult Bank Voles have a rich chestnut-brown back compared to the grey-brown fur of the Field Vole. The holes are … Views: 52 T. Timbirder3 Well-known member. They are herbivores eating seeds, roots, mosses and leaves and spend much of their time among vegetation living in runs and burrows and so are seldom seen. Similar size to field vole (around 9-12cm) but tail proportionately longer than that of field vole, being 50% length of head & body, whilst field vole is 30% (this is the main distinctive feature … They are larger than Field Voles, measuring about 13 to 17 cm long. Compared to the bank vole, which has a rich chestnut coloured back and pale belly, the field vole is fairly bland in colour being grey-brown all over. Property owners wondering if they have a vole or mouse in the house are likely dealing with mice. Registered Charity Number 216652 (England & Wales), SC039193 (Scotland), © British Trust for Ornithology, BTO, The Nunnery, Thetford, Norfolk IP24 2PU, Tel: +44 (0)1842 750050 Fax: +44 (0)1842 750030. Adult Bank Voles have a rich chestnut-brown back compared to the grey-brown fur of the Field Vole. They can live for 18 months. Includes the latest news and updates from Mammal Society! They have small eyes, small ears and a blunt snout. Size: 90-115mm; tail is <40% of head and body. Water vole (Arvicola amphibius) The Wildlife Trust have good ID pages for many animals, reptiles etc and I find they are generally worth a look if you aren't sure. Rounded snout, less prominent eyes than mice and ears are furry. You can unsubscribe at any time. The smallest vole in Britain, this animal is an excellent swimmer that is able to cross wide water streams. Bank voles have large ears (but not as large as mice) which distinguish them from other UK vole species. Catch up on a wealth of interesting talks and panels celebrating the efforts of BTO volunteers and members. The ears are partly hidden in the fur which can at times appear rough, long and straggly. Way to tell them apart is to look at the tail is long similar bank has! Small eyes, and other wet places common small rodents in the house are likely dealing mice! 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