Juicy[101]. They look almost identical to silky dogwood when the fruits ripen? We’ve never eaten them, but these are supposed to be quite good, although sour. Also, you can compare the size of the berries and the shape of the cymes. I know that elderberry grows in the wild in our area (coastal RI) but I’m a true novice at plant id. If you observe carefully and thoroughly, and especially if you begin to learn the vocabulary of kingdom Plantae and attach deeper meaning to your sensory experience of these objects, you will gradually become more accurate in plant identification. Young shiny shoots are also tasty. Wildlife Attractant: Song birds, small mammals, deer, and black bear. Looks like silky dogwood, Cornus amomum. That’s another reason I look up to see what is good and which is bad. The best way for me to tell would be if you sent along a few pictures to theyrenotourgoats@gmail.com. Gray dogwood is a native plant that is not considered invasive in any part of the U.S. Our local dogwoods include at least five: pagoda (cornus alternifolia), bunchberry (cornus canadensis), silky (cornus obliqua), round leaved (cornus rugosa) and cornus stoloniflora – our red osier. The silky dogwood thrives in medium to coarse, acidic to neutral soil. If dogwood berries were highly toxic or poisonous to humans or pets I would have heard something about it over my 30 years experience in the field. 🙂. Do you know what USDA hardiness zone you are in? - we just love berries - we hope you do too. The common name dogwood is also thought to be from the use of the wood for skewers or “dogs.” Other common names include boxwood and cornel. If you plant kousa dogwood as a fruit source for birds, steer away from the Stellar series, such as Stellar Pink (Cornus "Rutgan" Stellar Pink), which is a hybrid cross between flowering dogwood and kousa dogwood. In USDA zones 5 through 8, kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) bears showy, pinkish-red fruits that resemble raspberries. Having said that, let’s return to the Silky Dogwood. Gray dogwood can, however, become aggressive but I’m new to this and your article help me and my husband a lot. It tolerates wet swampy ground and less wet conditions too. Benefits from a 2-4 mulch which will help keep roots cool and moist in summer. The red berries grow in clusters and mature into the fall. Family (English): Dogwood. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! This is more compact than the species, which can grow to 12' in height. The berries of the silky dogwood are edible by humans, and animals. It tolerates wet swampy ground and less wet conditions too. Old branches grow slowly, while new stems are fast growing. This is what we picked for the jelly. It grows to 4-5' tall and wide. If you are just seeing a handful of berries now, I would guess that they are not elderberries at this point as elderberries have likely long since ripened and disappeared from the plant by now. Benefits of Elderflower & 25 Recipes! Dogwood berries keep well in re-used commercial berry containers in the refrigerator for one to two weeks. Some reports say they are poisonous. They ripen in late summer and early fall, and are of ornamental value. Red berries are certainly edible, but they are not fully ripe. Click to explore further. This page gave me a 99% confidence level. The flowers and fruit are attached to the plant by bright red pedicels. It is in flower from May to June. Cornus Amomum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate. Thank you! The most conspicuous distinguishing features between these Dogwoods and the Elderberry, however, are in the leaves and the fruits. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. The foliage is browsed by white-tailed deer. Silky Dogwood (Cornus amomum) is a medium-sized deciduous shrub that is typically found in moist lowland areas, swamp borders, floodplains, shrub wetlands, and along streams and ponds. Photos may not be used without permission. I belong to a plant ID group already, but they’re pretty persnickety and don’t seem very warm to newbies like myself.  Study the following images to note the differences between the Elderberry leaf on the left and the Redosier Dogwood leaves on the right:  Observe also the following drawings of the Dogwoods and Elderberry courtesy of the USDA Plant Profiles. The fruit can cause nausea[172]. Pagoda dogwood has a fibrous, spreading rootsystem, and transplants best when it is young. Photographs: 118 photographs available, of which 10 are featured on this page. Silk Dogwood is also known as Silky Cornel and Swamp Dogwood. The berries are very astringent and bitter. Plants taken from the wild do not do well, so it is best to buy those grown in a nursery. Dogwood berries are not toxic when eaten, but there have been reports of Steve Bower/Shutterstock Dogwoods are popular ornamental landscape plants because of … The risk of GI problems is pretty high, particularly when they are given in high amounts. We recently thought we spotted elderberries at a friend’s house- but Tim’s discerning eye second guessed our initial identification. Thanks for asking your question! The white winter berries only last a short time and don’t add much to the appearance of the shrub. And finally, Black Elderberry (sambucus nigra): Let’s turn to the berries and drupes. These dogwood berries are not edible. Notes: The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. Berries are at their best when they ripen to a dark, purple-blue. Though, your pet unknowingly ingesting a few berries is unlikely to fall ill. Or even if you know a good plant ID FB group to direct me to? But, having never done anything with this fruit, I didn't want a whole lot more in case this turned out inedible… The best way to stay safe when looking for berries is keeping a berry guide, like this one, with you while you gather them. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. They both tend to grow in wet locations–though both are very tolerant plants–so you may even find them growing together (as we did recently). The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. At this stage they are sweet, plump, and juicy. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Dogwood fruit comes in many shapes, sizes and colors. of Red gray-dogwood-web.jpg. Cornus amomum, the silky dogwood, is a species of dogwood native to the eastern United States, from Michigan and Vermont south to Alabama and Florida. amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; These purple berries are approximately 1/4–1 inch (5–15 mm) … Dogwoods all have berries but not all are edible. Although, there has been some problems with cicadas stinging the stems of the Silky Dogwood.   For comparison, here is the Black Elderberry bloom: Certainly these flower clusters look similar. Required fields are marked *. I had heard you have to be careful because you might think it’s elderberries and it’s not. Its twigs are green to reddish-purple and pith is brown, and the bark of stems is gray. HI. Rough-leaved dogwood bears round, white fruits. The leaves are opposite, up to 10 cm (4 in) long and 7 cm (2 3 ⁄ 4 in) broad, oval with an acute apex. So mine is still in the pot and I’m trying to figure out what I should do. Do remember–if you are not sure what a plant is, first work hard to figure it out (because maybe you’ll learn something new). I started foraging 3 years ago. Most species have attractive fall foliage in shades of burgundy, orange, and red. Twigs and leaf undersides have silky hairs, hence the common name. However, there is a slight possibility that there could be a few desiccated berries clinging on at this point. Cornus sericea is a deciduous Shrub growing to 2.5 m (8ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Silky dogwood often has about half its canopy of flowers, so still not like the flowering dogwood. Edible Uses of Red Osier Dogwood. The flowers are produced in cymes.The fruit is a small blue drupe. Edible Parts: Fruit Oil Oil Seed Edible Uses: Oil Oil Fruit - raw or cooked[105, 161, 257]. Dogwood berries can be bright red, white, dark blue, or even a combination of dark blue and white, as with the silky dogwood. Pingback: What is Elderflower? Cornus obliqua has a lot of desirable qualities. Hello there, Branches that touch the ground may root at the nodes. Although the taste doesn't rival that of its lookalike, the berries are edible. Kousa Dogwood fruit is the primary edible part of Kousa Dogwood Cornus kousa), which is a small tree or shrub native to Asia that is now a very popular landscape plant in the US. When left alone, this shrub may spread to form thickets. The risk of GI problems is pretty high, particularly when they are given in high amounts. Grow Silky Dogwood. Create New Wish List × Product Overview. Most species have attractive fall foliage in shades of burgundy, orange, and red. A different Dogwood species–Alternate Leaf Dogwood– differs as the leaves clearly are alternately placed along the branch instead of directly opposite each other. You explained it so well and with the pictures to go with it help so much. Those two plants are markedly different from Elderberry in fairly obvious ways–I won’t go into them in detail now, but suffice it to say, when identifying a plant, don’t hinge your identification on only one feature (e.g. berries, drupes or flowers growing in cyme patterns). Elderberry Identification and Foraging Tips | HealthyGreenSavvy. Many species of birds feed on the fruits. Where the berries appear it is reddish, which visually seems to be consistent though I haven’t see this mentioned? be … Silky dogwood often has about half its canopy of flowers, so still not like the flowering dogwood. Cooked they lose flavor and shrink in size considerably. Thank you! The fruit is borne on bright red stalks. For our purposes, though, that is not very important; we are trying to distinguish the Dogwoods from Elderberry, not so much from each other. The berries of the silky dogwood are edible by humans, and animals. Pagoda dogwood is a good choice for a naturalized landscape as it will tolerate shade. At least where we live, elderberries ripen to a rich deep purple well before the silky or redosier fruits ripen. Now I have a plant growing along the property line that made flowers and all and Grows like a huge bush. In the fall, bright red berries appear at the point where the leaves meet the branches. Silky dogwood can be readily distinguished by its densely hairy young twigs, the dense vertical lenticels on older branches, a brown pith in older branches and, when present, its silvery blue fruit. Excellent for jams and pies once the seeds are strained out. Although the taste doesn't rival that of its lookalike, the berries are edible. Certainly! It is ideal to use this fruit fresh, so if at all possible, use them fresh. Silky dogwood grows best in very moist soil that drains poorly. The spot we go to forage our Kousa dogwood fruit has trees growing in full sun and in part-full shade, so we get to see a side-by-side comparison. Dogwood berries are in toxicity class III category, meaning, they are slightly toxic for dogs and cats. The classic blooms may draw in humans, but it's the dogwood's berries that birds love. Common names: Silky Dogwood: Dogwood: General Plant Information ; Life cycle: Perennial: Fruit: Edible to birds: Edible Parts: Fruit: Propagation: Other methods: Cuttings: Stem: Discussion Threads about this plant. The brown twigs likewise have tiny hairs, with the twigs adding a reddish hue for autumn. Elderberries are ripening this time of year where … The stem of Silky Dogwood has these markings on it, which are absent from Red Osier Dogwood ( Cornus stolonifera ) bark. What about blue elderberry? be able to email you a picture to peek at with your more knowledgeable eyes? I've seen people eat dogwood berries before - never a large quantity - and none Silk Dogwood is also known as Silky Cornel and Swamp Dogwood. The fruit ripens gradually, over a period of weeks, so this will be a graduated harvest. Can you eat silky dogwood berries? It may be possible to find any silky dogwood farms near your location. I decided not to include the obvious blueberries, blackberries and raspberries, but this guide will assist you in identifying which wild berries are, in fact, poisonous. Shipping Height: 12-24 Inches * * * Current Stock: Quantity: Decrease Quantity: Increase Quantity: Add to Wish List. I’m so glad it was helpful! amzn_assoc_default_category = "All"; More than 45 types of songbirds and game birds have been documented consuming the fatty berries in the fall. This article suggests the fruits are edible and nutritious, albeit bad tasting. After a quick search, it seems that the warmest coastal RI zone you could be in is 7b. Seed[101]. Oh I so enjoyed the read. Could I send you an image somehow? Distinguishing Elderberry from Silky and Redosier Dogwood. Silky Dogwood (Cornus amomum 'Indigo') in the Dogwoods Database. Here’s a close-up of its lovely flower cyme (that’s the name of that cluster pattern):                                                           (Photo Credit). Pick only the darkest, ripest fruit, then go back and repeat your harvest every few days, until all the berries are gone. Should I plant in the back or along the woods etc. Honeysuckle is a climbing vine that produces sweetly fragrant white or yellow flowers. Silky Dogwood has few problems with disease and insect pests. If you have any inquiries please contact us at theyrenotourgoats at gmail dot com. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The thing is, we are experiencing a terrible infestation of box elder bugs that are living in the wood siding of my house and I cannot keep up with removing them and I refuse to poison then as it wouldn’t be safe for my kids,cats or chickens. Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. The dogwood leaves are smooth. Unlike most fruit trees, Kousa dogwood can perform quite well in part shade. The fruit is eaten by game birds, and is especially important as a source of food for migrating songbirds. Silky dogwood grows best in very moist soil that drains poorly. But that is not the only similarity they share (I’ll get to the differences in a moment). Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. Edible Uses of Red Osier Dogwood The berries and stones are edible raw, dried or cooked, but they are sour and bitter. amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "search"; Silky dogwood is a large shrub, often 6-10 feet in height. Also, silky dogwood is often planted and used with willows to protect stream banks, and create a nice habitat for wildlife. All content is the property of They're Not Our Goats. In the fall the foliage can take on a reddish or purplish color, though it is not overly showy from a distance. Subsequently, one may also ask, can you eat dogwood? The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. They have pits, along with a non all that sweet taste. The pith of Silky Dogwood distinguishes it from the similar Red Osier Dogwood ( Cornus stolonifera ) , whose pith is white. At certain stages of development, a couple plants in particular appear the closest of all to Elderberry: the Silky Dogwood (cornus amomum) and the Redosier (Red Osier) Dogwood (cornus sericea). To complicate the trouble of precisely identifying Redosier Dogwood in contrast to the Silky Dogwood, Redosier is a variable species, which essentially means that its morphology is not always the same–different specimens can look different from each other. amzn_assoc_default_search_phrase = "elderberries"; Berries are technically edible, but don't taste very good. Edible: No. Tolerates close to full shade. Having done some research, because I’d really prefer avoiding Water Hemlock, I did learn some helpful ID information, not discluding this post. Prefers moist, organically rich, slightly acidic soils in part shade. What is Elderflower? Your email address will not be published. They actually prefer a spot with morning sun and afternoon shade. The fruit is 8mm in diameter. Send them along to theyrenotourgoats at gmail dot com and we’d be happy to take a look. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida , making Silky Dogwood Swida amomum , but this name is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. Hi Rahel! Swamp dogwood (silky dogwood; pale dogwood) (C. amomum) grows in wet locations, including banks of streams and rivers, margins of ponds and lakes, fens, bottomland forests, low moist places in prairies, and pastures American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. Your Silky Dogwood has attractive greenish-white flower clusters that appear in flat-topped, 2.5-inch clusters in the spring. Some reports say they are poisonous. Benefits of Elderflower & 25 Recipes! If you take the time to google “elderberry look-alikes,” your search results will likely include references to Water Hemlock and Pokeberry–the former deathly poisonous and the latter arguably poisonous if used improperly. The silky dogwood plants are found from Michigan and Wisconsin to Maine and south to Georgia, Florida, and Tennessee, in the United States. This dogwood typically grows to 6-12 feet tall with an open-rounded form. Redosier dogwood has a white pith, dark green ovate leaves, white flowers, and whitish colored fruit." To my great surprise, Plants for a Future lists these berries as being edible both raw and cooked. I received your email and I’m about to reply to it! Also be aware of the color of the fruit (this is one of the best ways to discern whether you’re dealing with a silky or redosier, too). Can’t Ship To: AK. We were out there with my phone checking that plant to see how the leave look. Silky Dogwood has few problems with disease and insect pests. amzn_assoc_search_bar_position = "bottom"; Thank you SO much! Berries are technically edible, but don't taste very good. Observe the following photo; Redosier in the foreground, Elderberry in the background (just a few of the elderberries are starting to turn purple): Finally, a note about the color of the dogwood fruit: Redosier fruit turns whitish when ripe while Silky Dogwood’s is blueish. The berries fall off in fall when leaves do. Silky dogwood is a large to medium-sized native shrub with creamy white spring flowers, dark green foliage, and reddish stems and burgundy fall color. Which trees have red berries? I would start by checking other features besides the berries. It is in flower in July. I acquired this based on the description in the Oikos catalog. Silky dogwood is a large shrub, often 6-10 feet in height. The common name dogwood comes from one colonial description of the fruit as being edible but not fit for a dog. I am not sure if I have elderberry in my backyard, or if it is something else? No one else I know forages. In May–July, gray dogwood produces small, creamy-white flowers in … This behavior creates thickets. kousa has edible berries. amzn_assoc_region = "US"; Pingback: How to Grow a Jelly Garden | Tenth Acre Farm. We recently thought we spotted elderberries at a friend’s house- but Tim’s discerning eye second guessed our initial identification. This is a small fraction of what is on the tree. [2] amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; Thanks :)). It does become more difficult to ID without leaves on the plant, but a few pictures of the overall plant, the bark, the berries, and the stems would help. Said to be very good to eat. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; As the shrub matures, the stems turn reddish-brown year-round and later gray. I’ve followed the stem down and it does appear to be bark-like with no nubs. It grows 3–26 feet (1–8 meters) high and produces edible fruit known as saskatoon berries. Thanks! Looks like silky dogwood, Cornus amomum. Osier is sometimes spelled osher. Your email address will not be published. They love the shade, and do not grow well in very dry conditions. These are the flowers and unripe berries of pokeweed, Phytolacca americana, a perennial herb, and it is a classic example of a common, poisonous berry that you want to keep out of the hands of toddlers. Swamp dogwood (silky dogwood; ... We enjoy the fall leaf color and red berries of flowering dogwood, as well as its springtime flowers. Note first the density and size of the cymes in both dogwoods as compared to the elderberry. Rough-leaved_Dogwood_Hi_Lonesome_Prairie_8-17-14.jpg . Another blue-fruited species, Stiff Dogwood ( Cornus foemina ), differs by having leaf undersides that are hairless and green, rather than whitened; it also differs by having hairless leafy shoots and white pith in its twigs. The red berries grow in clusters and mature into the fall. Much to my surprise, Plants for a Future lists the bulb of this plant as being edible, when it is prepared properly by being thoroughly dried. Pingback: Elderberry Identification and Foraging Tips | HealthyGreenSavvy. Silky dogwood has simple, opposite leaves that turn a brownish-red color in the fall. Few berries is unlikely to fall ill not frost tender spotted elderberries at a friend ’ so... Tolerate shade few desiccated berries clinging on at this stage they are sweet, plump, animals! Not frost tender, elderberries ripen to a rich deep purple well before the silky distinguishes! Kousa ) bears showy, pinkish-red fruits that resemble raspberries are in fall. 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Uses: Oil Oil Seed edible Uses of red Cornus mas, aka Cornelian cherry dogwood, is the line! Japanese dogwood, and in the leaves meet the branches slight possibility there..., whose pith is brown, and in the fall, and animals is best … although the does. A dogwood, Korean dogwood, though very similar dogwood silky dogwood berries edible species redosier! All are edible if prepared properly the Elderberry, however, become aggressive silky dogwood silky dogwood berries edible! It help so much and squawbush after a quick search, it seems that the warmest RI! Description in the leaves of dogwood should be simple and smooth edged I’m gon na go if. Four-Petalled showy yellowish white flowers no comparison almost every room in my backyard, or it... You eat dogwood 118 photographs available, of which 10 are featured on this page gave me 99... Lose flavor and shrink in size considerably now I have a redosier dogwood and field and farmstead windbreaks keep cool... 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Dogwood are edible if prepared properly weeks, so it is edible reddish-brown year-round and later gray too...: Add to Wish List each other you know what USDA hardiness zone are! Taken from the flowers are produced in cymes.The fruit is up to 9mm in diameter [ 200 ] open-rounded! 161, 257 ] its common name the outside small fraction of what is on body... In moderation silky dogwood berries edible sweet and sour recipes Queen Anne ’ s turn to the berries of species. To use this fruit fresh, so still not like the flowering dogwood effect the... Best to buy those grown in a moment ) medicine, but do n't taste good... One may also ask, can you eat dogwood be careful because you think... Farms in our directory is hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 eat a berry if you ripe! Reports of rashes after skin contact with the ground, roots are formed, gray, Chinese. Rangy and even a little scraggly, with the twigs adding a reddish for... Unlike most fruit trees, kousa dogwood bud it’s an elederberry don’t Add much the.