The vertical 2x4's are placed on the side of the front corners of the shelf system. 2x4 walls. If I use 2x4's for the framing I am looking at at least 6 inches from the walls (2.5 for the styrofoam, and 3.5 for the 2x4's). There is a Menards (not sure if you have any) that has the 2" on sale this month. my biggest peeve is that you are drilling tons of holes in your foundation. 2x4 walls. If you’re building a wall … My inspector says no vapor barrier. I purchased 21 2" XPS boards. And framing with 2x4 walls is fast, cheap, easy. 2x3 lumber instead of 2x4 to frame basement? It is just too flimsy and and warping with probably make it brittle. Metal framing studs are used to support a non-load-bearing wall. By code, 2x3's may be used for this purpose if the wall is no taller than 10 … Controlling moisture is the easiest way to eliminate mold in a basement. Use 3" or longer screws (depending on wall construction). … As long as the 2x3s are placed against a solid wall, such as concrete or concrete block they will be sufficient. Yes, our free framing calculator computes the number of studs for you, but why do we use the 2x4 system at all? As long as the 2x3s are placed against a solid wall, such as concrete or concrete block they will be sufficient. Got them for $24.95 a piece. Installing insulation on basement walls is often inexpensive, easy to accomplish and frequently combined with “finishing the basement.” ... Another option is to install one inch of XPS and then build a 2X3 or 2X4 frame wall just interior to the XPS. My thoughts were to use R11 unfaced batt inside the cavity. I did forget to mention that the wall on the right hand side of those pictures is exposed. I’m not kidding. Not only that it’s going to rot the wood and it is also going to weaken the structure. I believe Loc-Tite makes it. A R 19 block of insulation up on the sill plate in each joist space .R 13 insulation paper to the room in … Start by gluing 3/4-inch extruded polystyrene foam insulation to fit … it's not faster or cheaper than installing traditional 2x3 (2x4) walls; it saves you maybe 1/2 inch per wall. If you absolutely need 4" of insulation, you can also put 2X3s an inch away from the concrete; 2X4s would just conduct more heat and short-circuit the insulation anyway. Insulation seals air leaks and provides consistent thermal resistance from cold walls. Nail size is more important than you might think when framing interior walls. There was no insulation on the walls, just bare concrete. There are two ways to frame a wall: you can either nail the top and bottom plates, then nail the studs in between, or build each section on the floor and then raise and nail it into place. However, you begin to lose some stability at the shelving gets taller, so I would advise attaching the unit to the wall and also using 2x4's instead of 2x3's for increased strength. How to Frame an Inside Wall Against a Concrete Wall. … I prefer a 2x4 for framing from floor to ceiling. My advice: if you want a higher R-value, just install thicker rigid foam, and leave the stud bays empty." The walls ended up perfectly flat, & stayed that way. If you are installing the wall over a basement concrete wall, install rigid foam board insulation on top of the concrete walls before framing the wall with 2x2s. Using the two 3 inch long screws at each connection point, you screw through the vertical 2x4's into the horizontal 2x3's. Then install a piece of O.S.B. What did you do on the stairs for insulation? So we need to get some in before the winter. I'm interested in the aggrevation as maybe that will come down the road where I wish I had used all 2x4s. and I'm not adding any other insulation (Vancouver Island, so no real winter). However, I don’t think that fiberglass batts belong in a basement. if we build again.. the walls will either be Mooney wall … I agree that 2x4's are the std for these walls, but I've used 2x3's with a 1x6 horizontal stiff leg before, with excellent results. If it were me I would do the 2" foam glued to the wall seams taped, double or triple up the 2" foam on the rim joist with edges sealed with expanding foam and 2x3 (or full 2x4 if you don't care about the loss of an extra 1") studs on top of the 2" foam on the walls… Insulating Basement Walls. Problems … A forum community dedicated to Do it yourself-ers and home improvement enthusiasts. No problem during construction, no problem now (2.5 years). One side of the 39'-5" room is actually a concrete bearing wall. Would this change much of what you are saying regarding the 2" foam and calling it at day? The first condensing surface- the inside face of the foamboard will be warmed by the room air. This approach is less risky than installing fiberglass directly against the concrete. Batt insulation insulates/stops the room heat from warming, hence lowering the dew-point because the foam is now colder. How to Frame a Basement Wall the Traditional Framing Way Step 1: Insulate the Concrete Wall. Masonry walls like concrete tend to be damp, dreary and unpleasant. Hopefully the Roxul is not overkill with the 2 inch XPS. I ended up using 2x3's for the roof trusses to save weight, and still spaced them every 2 feet. Most wall framing is done with 2x4 or 2x6 lumber, but it may be possible to use 2x3's to build a new, non-load bearing, interior wall. They're cheap and usually much straighter than the conventional 1x3 furring strips you see out there. You will see mold growth everywhere. It is just one side of the basement that is 39"-5'. If you look closely, you can see the cement wall and the 2×4 studs against the cement wall. But either way, being safe than sorry is good with me. 2x4 stands for a system using 2-inch-by-4-inch studs made out of wood, or steel. Think of the framing as a house built with 2x4 walls. My new home has half the walls in the basement as 2x3's with insulation. I would then frame a 2x4 wall against and use batt insulation. Nice, I have a walk out basement that I'd like to finish someday too. Wall Framing – Wood or metal studs may be used. I would not hesitate to do it again, if the 2x3's were decent grade to start with. Its on sale at Menards and I can get 650 sq ft worth for $125 and $105 after mail in rebate. Favorite Answer. If you expect the floor to get wet frequently (wet basement or garage floor), you can seal the bottoms of all uprights before assembly with a good waterproofing, and also install the bottom shelf slightly off the floor. The f.b. would require more R-value to make-up for the lost heat due to the cavity insulation. Basement framing. WI's Uniform Dwelling Code (UDC) Page 43 & 44 Section & Table SPS 321.25.A doesn't have the IBC's utility stud stipulation. "“a 2x4 wall on the interior side of the foam insulation and fill the stud bays with fiberglass batts. by Saxe Point » Sat Aug 10, 2013 9:25 am, Powered by phpBB® Forum Software © phpBB Limited, All site content Copyright © 2009-var year=new Date(); year=year.getYear(); if (year<1900) year+=1900; document.write(year); House-Improvements.com, Ask your questions pertaining to the interior that don't fit in the above categories. You could use pressure-treated wood also, but I have never been able to get pressure-treated 2x3's locally. … Use a level to make sure you attach the 2x4 to the wall level. I would like to frame the wall (~4ft tall) with the 2x4s turned sideways (non conventional framing side). In my opinion you don't have to go overboard insulating basement walls as you are only insulating against 50-55* (ground temperature) exterior. Exactly what i am going to use. Ducts are often run parallel to a wall, (as shown below), when this happens you may install a 2x2 or 2x4 along the wall studs. Framing basement walls and ceilings is the core of any basement finishing project. I ripped out the wood paneling on the basement wall that is partially below grade and discovered that the framing was made of 1x3 boards nailed to the concrete. It separates both sides of the house. Keep in mind that the vertical 2x4's will be 16 inches away from the back wall when you check for level. Add three studs for each 90-degree corner. Use one of the suggested above and insulate the concrete wall. Post Helping You to Do It Yourself! The board is about 3/4" off the wall… Yep, just screw a 2x4 to the wall wherever you want a shelf, however long. A piece of surfaced (sanded smooth) 2x4 lumber actually measures 1½ inches thick and 3½ inches wide. You can use plywood instead of OSB, but you'll spend more on the shelves. If you want to save an inch or two (which you will never notice) then please frame in 2x3. Introduction Turn your unfinished basement into beautiful, functional living space. Metal wall studs, which are typically composed of steel, are usually intended for use in basement walls. If you absolutely need 4" of insulation, you can also put 2X3s an inch away from the concrete; 2X4s … Basement insulation is about 1/2 the R-value of above grade insulation values due to no wind, rain, or exposure because the ground/concrete wall buffers. You’ll need help with holding the wood together as you start to secure it, and you’ll need someone to help lift the wall into place. What is your plan for flooring/sub flooring? Basement walls take on handsome Art Deco-style using ordinary lumber--4x8 plywood sheets of rotary-sawn maple hardwood and solid poplar 2x3 battens. What Size Nails for Framing Walls?. What about using 2x3's instead to save an inch? However, I needed a pressure treated bottom plate (2X4 board) for all of my basement walls, and if code in your area requires the same than you’re going to want some things: 1) Pressure-treated plate (duh!) … Unfaced fiberglass batts can be installed in the frame wall … Hi Shannon. Insulating walls framed with 2x3's. If you've found our videos or website information helpful, please considering making a. I'm leaning towards no XPS with a 1/2 gap between 2x4 and wall and then just using R15 roxul. 2x4's make the whole thing look too bulky! JavaScript is disabled. Basically i'm sure the walls are built like that so that they hold the insulation that's the only reason. Another option is to install one inch of XPS and then build a 2X3 or 2X4 frame wall just interior to the XPS. If it were me I would do the 2" foam glued to the wall seams taped, double or triple up the 2" foam on the rim joist with edges sealed with expanding foam and 2x3 (or full 2x4 if you don't care about the loss of an extra 1") studs on top of the 2" foam on the walls, and call it a day. What you doing for subfloor? One builder is even looking to transition back over to 2x4. Its a walkout basement. I understand that the XPS should be glued. I went to Lowes today and got them to do a price match of a Menards sale. http://www.buildingscience.com/docu...ion/files/bscinfo_511_basement_insulation.pdf, http://publicecodes.cyberregs.com/icod/irc/2009/icod_irc_2009_11_sec002.htm, http://www.buildingscience.com/documents/reports/rr-0309-renovating-your-basment, http://www.epa.gov/athens/learn2model/part-two/onsite/ex/jne_henrys_map.html, http://www.soundfootings.com/pdf/US_Map_Frost_DepthAVG.pdf, http://www.quadlock.com/technical_library/bulletins/R-ETRO_Value_of_Basement_Insulation.pdf, http://www.sfgiowa.com/weather?map=us_soil_temps, http://michigan.stateguidesusa.com/...he-average-monthly-temperatures-in-michigan?/, VerticalScope Inc., 111 Peter, Suite 901, Toronto, Ontario, M5V 2H1, Canada. Likewise, how many 2x4 Do I need calculator? PL 300 Foamboard Adhesive. There is a BIG difference between 2x3 and 2x4, and I would never use 2x3 for wall framing. I am only finishing one side (13-4x39-5). My plan as of now is to use the 2" on perimeter of basement wall. I also live in Michigan. I have already glued 2.5 inch rigid foam insulation to the concrete walls. Hi Shannon. Step 1: Buy the Wood and the Hardware. I have yet to find out exactly which glue I should use. Just finished my basement and shot 2x3's flat on the wall to fur out instead of using 2x4's to build a wall (had to use those for the dividing walls however). To maximize my room size, I thought about using 2x3 instead of 2x4. In answer about the f.b. Instead of purchasing two layers of 1" XPS, I would probably go with 2". The walls ended up perfectly flat, & stayed … Since the cement block wall … Add four studs for each 45-degree corner. I am in the process of insulating and framing my basement. So, you need insulation to protect your investment. plus frame wall/batts. Screw the foam boards directly to the concrete wall with concrete masonry screws. Major utility has been in furring out basement walls for insulation, with some non-load-bearing use--just pulled down the plaster in the bathroom on a late '60s house and found that the studs on the non-load-bearing wall were 2x3 while the ones on the adjacent load-bearing wall were 2x4. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. I specifically chose 2x3 studs because they're plenty strong for this kind of shelving unit, while being a little less expensive than regular 2x4 studs, and a little lighter and easier to build. Noticed I said you’re going to WANT these things. Concrete walls may have a purpose, but beauty and warmth aren't it. horizontally. This will cover everything. 6 mil poly staple to the sill plate to hang down and cover the concrete wall . You can't frame out in 1x3 especially in a basement. This is why minimum code for your Michigan location is EITHER R-10 continuous, or R-13 (cavity)= see footnote "c" under Basement R-value; If any ads are present below my answer or words underlined/colored, I do not condone/support/use the product or services listed/linked to, they are there without my consent. The other, not so surprising, thing we discovered is there was no insulation. The 2" XPS is better from a moisture standpoint than adding cavity batt insulation in front also. I framed my basement with 2x3s (2x4 top and base plates) on all walls except those with doors, where I used 2x4s. You could easily go to 24" OC on the double wall, since it's not doing anything structural. Framing Basement Walls With 2 215 3 On November 29, 2020 By Amik Basement windows definis sons basement finishing how to finish unled final cover basement finishing how to finish Properly installed, wall insulation conditions the basement from the colder underground and makes the space more comfortable, even if the basement is left unheated. Jim also had a great idea to create a half wall tying in the lally columns to create a visual separation between the tv space and the remaining part of the finished basement. You should frame walls at least with 2x4s and use at least R 11 or whatever minimal fiberglass insulation your local code requires 5. Masonry walls like concrete tend to be damp, dreary and unpleasant. I just bought a house built in the 1880's and gutted a couple of rooms. No, the 2x3's should work just fine for you. 2) Concrete nail gun and powder loads 3) Nails for the nail gun (duh!) 2x3 lumber instead of 2x4 to frame basement? Make sure the bottom is level with the bottom of the furring drop on the other side of the duct as shown in the drawing. My rough area is 13'-4" x 39' -5" and is concrete block. I took everything they had. this one has a double wall exterior.. (2x4 @ 16" oc outside... a one inch airspace... and 2x3 @ 16" inside.... the full basement is insulated on the walls and has 2" of foam under the slab. Re: Basement Framing. Then you just build another wall around the perimeter of the house before your interior partitions. BuiLDPro68 -. If your basement floor is not level (which most basement floors aren’t), building on the floor will be a challenge. You won't have any issues with 2x3s (other than having to install shallow electrical boxes in some cases). Multiply the total wall length (in feet) by 0.75 (for 16-inch on-center stud spacing). Therefore, 24"oc is fine if your wall is no more than 14' tall for 2x4's. For DIYers just get a good quality Styrofoam board and paste it on the wall… This way, I can be prepared. The walls would (in theory) need to support a gambrel style roof. How to Frame an Inside Wall Against a Concrete Wall. Yes, our free framing calculator computes the number of studs for you, but why do we use the 2x4 system at all? In rough-cut condition, a 2x4 is slightly less than 2 inches thick and approximately 4 inches wide. Have always use 2X4's 24 on center for walls in basement. 2x4 stands for a system using 2-inch-by-4-inch studs made out of wood, or steel. You make some good points. I have already glued 2.5 inch rigid foam insulation to the concrete walls. Worked great and there was enough space between 2x and drywall to run conduit through the walls. The furthest part in the basement above will be the xbox/tv space with a white planked accent wall. Literally 2" by 3". Using your average of 3 monthly temps of 24*F; I really appreciate the information that you have provided. Anyway, the 2" will go up and will frame 2x4 over it. Do your local building codes still allow vapor barrier? The width of a 1x3 makes it unuseable for most purposes - no room for nailing or mistakes. The longest outside wall of the basement is above ground since its a walk-out basement. My new home has half the walls in the basement as 2x3's with insulation. I used R-13 Insulation just fine for the walls. No fire issues - the decks on each floor block things. I'm also thinking rigid foam and 2x4 framing, but using Roxul for cavity insulation. I would say that the wall is not cold to the touch behind that furnace. Behind the walls we discovered that the house had been framed using 2x3's. It's a light type of construction, while a heavy-type uses bricks and concrete. The inner concrete bearing wall is cold to the touch but my thoughts were that it is cold because its cold in the basement. Free-standing walls would be sturdier out of 2x4s. You can also piece 2x4s (for example use two 8 foot long 2x4s instead of a 16 footer) - just make sure you adequately attach to studs in wall. Building a Wall in Place. Concrete walls may have a purpose, but beauty and warmth aren't it. Learn how to insulate and frame the walls and ceilings, build soffits, frame partition walls and frame around obstructions. 4) Construction-strength adhesive. We were going to use 2x2's but since we were shooting them we went with the 2x3 just to make sure the lumber wouldn't split. Electrician I spoke with says that 2x3's would live enough room for wiring, outlets etc. by Shannon » Wed Aug 07, 2013 7:27 am, Post I have the concrete load bearing wall that I am unsure what I am doing with. I have the furnace on opposite side of wall too. Unfaced fiberglass batts can be installed in the frame wall for additional insulation. However, I needed a pressure treated bottom plate (2X4 board) for all of my basement walls, and if code in your area requires the same than you’re going to want some things: 1) Pressure-treated plate (duh!) Free-standing walls would be sturdier out of 2x4s. Basement wall insulation also provides greater efficiency than insulating basement … Calculate the Studs. At this point, I do not know if I should use faced or unfaced batt insulation or if it really matters. only or f.b. I've been using 2x3's in my basement remodel as furring strips on the concrete walls. A 2x2 is good IF you attach it to the basement wall … Utility grade studs are permitted for non-bearing walls … Other route could or would be using a 2" XPS with 2x3 framing and NO batt insulation in wall. Add two studs for each wall intersection (where another wall abuts the wall you are estimating). These details are shown in Figure 1. On flat, plumb walls, you can even glue&screw foam insulation to the concrete, then glue mold-resistant drywall to that. It was in my own home, so I got to see them at 7+ years later. This gives me all I need for R value (15) and now I am preparing to frame the stud walls for electrical and then drywall. 2x4 2.0 Bybee says his company has relationships with most of the Top-10 national builders on code-compliant 2x4 construction. The poplar is stained dark walnut and attached … I agree that 2x4's are the std for these walls, but I've used 2x3's with a 1x6 horizontal stiff leg before, with excellent results. Not sure if this is a good idea or not. Post by Saxe Point » Wed Aug 07, 2013 4:57 am. Non-bearing walls may be constructed of 2X4 or 2X3 studs spaced a maximum of 24 inches on center, or with 2X4 flat studs (long dimension of the stud parallel to the wall) spaced a maximum of 16 inches on center. Or leave a basement wall weeping water and just notice what happens. We have some metal box outlets attached to the basement walls already. Come join the discussion about tools, projects, builds, styles, scales, reviews, accessories, classifieds, and more! The wall is not cold to the touch as previously mentioned. Item #61149 Model #226707 Re: 2x3 lumber instead of 2x4 to frame basement. This gives me all I need for R value (15) and now I am preparing to frame the stud walls for electrical and then drywall. the attic has 18" of cellulose . If using Utility Grade studs your wall can't be any taller than 10' & your studs (2x3's or 2x4's) must be no more than 16"oc. Since I want to insulate with XPS before framing, and especially since that will put my walls further out from the block anyway, I assume I should remove the existing outlets and wiring from the block walls … P/T bottom plate. I would still keep the stud center to … On the other side of the bearing wall is the furnace. Check each stud for curves (called “the crown”) and mark each curve with an “X”. by Saxe Point » Tue Aug 06, 2013 10:57 pm, Post The double wall flies up. This kind of wall is commonly found at Home Depot or Lowe’s, and is often referred to as light-gauge metal framing. They can also help design DIY partition walls or other parts of simple metal structures. For a basement wall, which is not bearing any weight, I would recommend the 2x4's (some even use 2x3's) set on 16 in centers and build the wall out from the cement blocks, so that you can still use the 6 in insulation. The joints between sheets of insulation should be sealed with tape or fiberglass mesh and mastic. Is there a reason for me to tear those down and use 2x4's instead? I am in the process of doing a basement finish. I just can't believe someone … Basically i'm sure the walls are built like that so that they hold the insulation that's the only reason. I am in the process of insulating and framing my basement. The foam board insulation serves as a vapor barrier between the cool concrete and warmer wood framing to prevent rot and mold from forming. 3.2187-in W x 120-in L x 0.875-in D Galvanized Steel Metal Stud. My roof is pretty small, but If I was building as big as you are, I'd probably use 2x4s … A 4" Type-VIII (1.25 lbs per cubic foot nominal density) roofing EPS would meet/beat the current IRC prescriptive R15 continuous insulation without using ANY fiber fluff between metal studs, and you could go with a 2x3 rather than 2x4. Hello, I am new to the forum but I have been doing a lot of research on google and it brings me to this forum so I thought I would register and ask some questions regarding me project. I specifically chose 2x3 studs because they're plenty strong for this kind of shelving unit, while being a little less expensive than regular 2x4 studs, and a little lighter … Is there a reason for me to tear those down and use 2x4's instead? Good idea or not we discovered is there was no insulation on stairs! Duh! which are typically composed of steel, are usually intended for use in walls! Ceilings, build soffits, frame partition walls and frame the walls ended up flat... I would still keep the stud bays with fiberglass batts belong in basement... ( 2x4 ) walls ; it saves you maybe 1/2 inch per wall was insulation! Find out exactly which glue i should use faced or unfaced batt insulation walls already and frame! I got to see them at 7+ years later option is to use the 2 '' XPS better! Keep in mind that the wall level each connection point, i would probably with!, a 2x4 is slightly less than 2 inches thick and approximately 4 wide! Looking to transition back over to 2x4, while a heavy-type uses bricks and concrete the (. Check each stud for curves ( called “the crown” ) and mark each curve with “X”! Of what you are estimating ) point, i do not know if should! 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